Rutlands Puppies are crate trained and look on their crate as a pleasant place. The crate should not be used as 'time out' or for punishment. If your dog needs to be transported by crate in the future such as by 'plane or public transport, this would cause stress during the journey.
Remember that your new puppy will be missing its siblings and the reassurance of cuddling up with its litter mates to sleep. Rumple up the bedding, and add something like some rolled up old sweaters or similar, to simulate the way puppies sprawl all over each other to sleep.
Puppies nip because this is the way they played with their siblings and how they found out who was their pack leader.
When YOU and your family become their new pack you need to get the message through very quickly who is the leader...and it should not be the puppy!
NIPPING MUST BE CORRECTED QUICKLY or it may turn into biting later on. And if this happens it will be YOUR fault....not the puppy's!
Some ways to establish leadership:
1. Always walk through a doorway or gateway first ... and THEN invite puppy to follow
2. You and your family eat FIRST. Puppy must wait patiently, without begging, until you have finished eating and are ready to feed him. If necessary, tether him with a blanket and toy until you are done eating.
3. TEACH your puppy to stay alone without complaint. Most cases of separation anxiety are caused through owners who fail to allow their puppy to build self confidence and trust that they will return. When you do return home, hold back on enthusiastic greetings until the puppy's excitement level has dropped even if this means totally ignoring him for ten to fifteen minutes.
Puppy Exercise and Some Cautions
Exercise is necessary in living creatures to maintain health, and to develop strong muscles, bones and joints. Exercise also stimulates the flow of oxygen which enriches the blood. The blood in turn carries vital nutrients throughout the animal's whole system. There are three different forms of exercise - Free, Forced and Impact. All can be strenuous but only one is beneficial to a young growing puppy while the other two need to be limited until the baby's joints ligaments and tendons are fully developed.
CAUTION: Puppies under twelve months of age should never be allowed to play on stairs nor to walk or run up or down them. Dogs are quadrupeds and as such are designed to navigate terrain in a certain way. If you allow your puppy to go up and down stairways before twelve months of age, you are risking damage to immature structures of the body and this could trigger OCD's (i.e. hip dysplasia or elbow dysfunction) later on.
FREE EXERCISE -
This is the exercise a puppy gets when he/she is off leash and free to play, stop, change direction, flop down, get up again, turn and twist and 'do what comes naturally'. Your puppy will regulate his or her own amount of exercise this way and will lie down and rest when it needs to.
is when a puppy is walked or trotted on leash. During this kind of rhythmic exercise, the young animal is using the same sets of muscles, tendons and ligaments in repetitive continuous movement. Being forced to exercise this way for lengthy periods has much the same affect on the puppy as a repetitive motion for extended periods can cause 'repetitive strain injury' in human beings. Immature joints can also suffer irreparable damage.
is when the puppy is allowed to jump down off a higher place (not recommended until after 12 months of age) such as off furniture or down out of the car. A dog's joints muscles tendons and ligaments are not mature until he/she is over twelve months old and in very large breeds often older so exercise needs to be carefully monitored.
DON'T want a dog who will jump on people?
DON'T want your dog on bed or furniture unless invited?
DO want your dog to be quietly behaved indoors?
DO want your dog to be gentle and sensible around the youngest children?
DO want your dog to be a good eater?
DO want to have a mellow dog?
NEVER treat or pat your puppy unless all four paws are on the ground. When you cuddle your sweet new puppy up in your arms or on your lap, FIRST use a word which will always be your 'invitation' later on. If no invitation, no coming up!
Then DON'T play exciting games inside the house. For the first few weeks, put the lead on your puppy for the first ten to fifteen minutes inside. Clip the lead to your belt, or tether puppy to a solid piece of furniture, with a bed and toys. Ignore protests and reward sitting or lying down quietly.
DO be aware that your tone of voice and behaviour sets the scene for your dog! Especially for puppies who are still learning your ways. Quick patting and high voice are exciting and stimulating to your dog. A calm lower voice is soothing and non threatning to your dog. NEVER correct your dog in anger.
DON'T leave food lying around all day. Give your dog twenty minutes to finish a meal and whisk away anything not eaten in that time until the following feeding time.
Then BE mellow around your dog!