A simple guide
Just as with humans, there are variations in colour known under the same name. For instance not everyone with "brown" hair will have the same shade of brown. The colour of an infant's hair will often change its shade when an adult. Dalmations are born with no spots. Golden Collies (Lassie dogs) are born grey. German Shepherd dogs are not born with their glorious black saddle markings. Cobberdog puppies are also not the same colour born as they may be later on. They may not be the same colour as either of their parents either! Coat colour is not connected to coat type.
In these descriptions, "pigment" refers to nose, lip rims, eye rims and paw pads.
Raven and Black
RAVEN AND BLACK The most unappreciated of all the colours until seen in real life when their true beauty always surprises, with their sparkling dark brown eyes and the light dancing amongst the waves in their coats. Pigment always black, eyes should never be paler than their coat. Ravens are jet black while Blacks have chocolate undertones or shadings especially around the face
Reds are traffic stopping, with true Reds being so vividly red especially when young, that they can sometimes look as though they've been dyed. Many pale off with age but are still spectacular. Pigment may be either red or black and eyes should always be a rich brown
Brown - Chocolate or Cafe au Lait (also called Cafe) is a paler version. Pigment must be brown and eyes are usually a clear transparent honey gold to hazel.
Caramel - Come in different shades of creamy white to warm rich honey colour. Pigment on all must be "rose" to brown and eyes clear transparent hazel to golden brown in the richer warmer shades.
Warm caramels with black pigment are called Apricot because they will produce colour differently when they are bred. Apricots also have brown eyes.
Cool caramels are called Cream when they have black pigment for the same reason. They also have dark brown eyes.
Parti Colours ( or "Partis") are patched with any acceptable colour and white or cream. Pigment and eye colour are what is appropriate for the solid coloured patching. This example has a brown or liver coloured pigment and hazel eyes, which are appropriate for his brown patches.
Parchment is a fascinating colour. They generally start from chocolate and then progressively change colour year by year. Most retain brown head, ears, faces and legs which contrasts to the milky myriad of colours elsewhere. They are well known for appearing to be different shades depending on the light, in much the same way as the tinted tones we see at times after rain, when the sunshine returns. At times they can look a fairytail mauvish pink. The three photos below are of the same Cobberdog.
There are other colours in the Australian Cobberdog breed, such as Silver, Phantom, (carriers of Parti, but not Parti themslves), Lavender (extremely rare) and Blue - (also rare) which look like blacks other than for their blue skin. The colours featured above are the most popular and most in demand.